Preparations to fire up and igniting the fire
The physics and knowledge of Steam
Before you create the fire you need to know the different types of steam. Every type of steam got its own specifics. Depending the type of locomotive you use will also depend the type of steam you need.
In nature, steam is present everywhere it is visible as clouds in the air. It is actually steam in a cold state. When the steam particles are condensing by the cold air flow the steam particles (molecules) will form water drops which finally causes raindrops creating rainy days and showers all over the place.
The three types of steam to drive on:
1. Wet steam:
Wet steam is the most common form of steam actually experienced by almost all flora. When steam is generated using a boiler, it usually contains wetness from non-vaporized water molecules that are carried over into the distributed steam. Even the best boilers may discharge steam containing 3% to 5% wetness. As the water approaches the saturation state and begins to vaporize, some water, usually in the form of mist or droplets, is entrained in the rising steam and distributed downstream. This is one of the key reasons why separation is used to expell condense from distributed steam.
2. Saturated steam:
Saturated steam is actually dry steam which occurs when water is heated to the boiling point (sensible heating) and then vaporized with additional heat (latent heating). If this steam is then further heated above the saturation point, it becomes superheated steam (sensible heating).
Saturated Steam (Dry). Saturated steam however occurs at temperatures and pressures where steam (gas) and water (liquid) can coexist. In other words, it occurs when the rate of water vaporization is equal to the rate of condensation.
Advantages of using saturated steam for heating has quite a number of properties that make saturated steam an excellent heat source, particularly at temperatures of 100 °C (+/- 200°F) and higher.
3. Superheated steam:
Superheated steam is created by further heating wet or saturated steam beyond the saturated steam point using super heater elements mounted in the boiler tubes. This yields steam that has a higher temperature and lower density than saturated steam at the same pressure. Superheated steam is mainly used in propulsion/drive applications such as turbines, and is not typically used for heat transfer applications.
Watch the video of the installing works of boiler tubes.
It is advantageous to both supply and discharge the steam while in the superheated state because condensate will be generated inside steam-driven equipment during normal operation, minimizing the risk of damage from erosion or carbonic acid corrosion. In addition, as the theoretical thermal efficiency of the turbine is calculated from the value of the enthalpy at the turbine inlet and outlet, increasing the degree of superheating as well as the pressure raises the enthalpy at the turbine inlet side, and is thereby effective at improving thermal efficiency.
The superheater elements are installed and mounted to the super heater header. From here superheated steam is guided to the cylinders. The yellow (yellow) transports the steam through the superheaters and increases the temperature (red) and then to the super heater header.
After you arrive at your engine, you start to walk around the engine and check all pistons, rods, hoses, wheels, cylinders, etc. When you take over the engine at a station mention train movements aside your engine. Check also if the rail shoes are in position at both sides of a set of wheels.
In practice this rail shoes are yellow and are located at one set of wheels resting on top of the surface of the rail and preventing the engine to run away, but are not available within TS2015.
Get into the engine by pressing [ 2 ] and press the [ / ] Button to set the handbrake.
The hand brake of a Just Trains 4MT and the hand brake of a Black 5 (Port Road).
At some advanced engines such as the Just Trains 4MT and 6MT you see the lever spinning when pressing the [ / ] button.
Preparing a steam locomotive in cold state takes a lot of time. First of all take away the chimney cover or chimney lid and close all valves to keep the pressure when the pressure starts to rise. Prior to firing up you test the water level and the water scope if these instruments are working properly. This is a major task with highest priority prior to firing up. An empty boiler causes an boiler explosion which is mentioned later on in this guide.
Watch the water scope test at a German engine
After you have done this test and water is surely in the boiler at the right level you are now ready to check the fire box. with a light you watch and inspect the fire grate closely if all bars of the fire grate are properly installed in place.
Used and old pallets and wood blocks is the best fuel to firing up the steam locomotive.
Chopped tree branches is cheap and easy to firing up a steam locomotive. However the tree branches burns quite a long time.
Then you build a pile of wood all over the fire grate using old sowed pallets and old timbres that are easily to handle.
After the fire box is filled up with these bricks of scattered pallet wood, you now take a bucked of gasoline and some old shreds.
You now put these shreds in the bucked of gasoline and submerge these shreds completely in the bucked of gasoline. Be sure these shreds are drowned with gasoline.
Take the drowned shreds and wrap these shreds at some sticks or timbres of wood.
Take a match or lighter and ignite the edge of a drowned shred at the wooden timbre. Wait a little and see the fire increasing.
When the fire now starts to rage on the shred, you now throw this timbre with burning shred
into the pile of pallet wood under the fire arc.
Repeat the sequence 2 or 3 times but you throw the raging timbre to the right either to the left.