Signal markers are in use to show the state of the signal and to recognize the type of signal which will determine the action of the driver after notifying the markers. The coloured markers are installed at the signal post half way the pole.
Absolute main signal
The signal is not to be passed at red unless a warrant is given or ordered by a communication method.
Permissive main signal
The signal is allowed to pass if the signal remains in a danger aspect and when no communication is available. Proceed not to exceed 40 km/h while scouting the track.
3 aspect Ks main signal
The signal shows a 3 aspect Ks signal and is combined with one of the markers above.
Grade protection and level crossing protection signal
Grade crossing protection. If remains red communicate with the CTC if no communication is possible act as a permissive signal. Stop before the grade crossing and secure the grade crossing to pass safely not exceeding 15 km/h. Then continue scouting the track until the next signal.
Main and distance signals
Stop before the signal.
DBAG Signal book DV301; Hp 0;
The German Semaphore signals is position quite high above the ground to get a clear view from a far distance. The distance signal does not show an aspects. However they still shows the basic/default aspect: “Prepared to stop at the next signal”.
The main signal here shows a danger aspects and tells the driver to stop before the signal.
There is no need to show the next aspect at the distance signal because the main signal here shows the danger aspects and the distance signal however shows a “Prepared to stop at the next signal” remains invalid. In order to avoid any confusion and probably clear aspects at the next main signal, the distance signal remain in the default “Prepared to stop at the next signal” aspects, until the line is cleared and the main signal changes aspects, the distance signal aspects changes with it. At the moment the main signal shows a “proceed” aspect the distance signal becomes valid no matter the aspects the distance signal shows at that moment.
The marker posts at ground lever just before the distance signal tells the driver what kind of distance signal this is. This signal marker is mentioned later in this chapter.
Prepare to stop at the next main signal.
DBAG Signal book DV301; Vr0:
Proceed with track speed.
DBAG Signal book DV301; Hp 1;
Expect clear aspect at the next main signal.
DBAG Signal book DV301; Vr 1;
Proceed not exceeding 40 km/h.
DBAG Signal book DV301; Hp 2;
Reduce speed, not exceeding 40 km/h at next signal.
DBAG Signalbook DV301; Vr2;
Ks Signals now taking over the older light and semaphore signals as they are in use at DB and DR (now all converted into DBAG) This signals shows the follow up sequence combined with “Zs” speed restrictions. This new signals are installed and operational on new build and upgraded lines. Every line that is undergoing an upgrade will have Ks signals installed as well.
The new signals are based at the same design as the last redesigned Hp and Vr signals as they are installed and operational at the Köln-Frankfurt High Speed Line for example.
The numbers shows the speed which should be multiplied by ten. The yellow number indicated an approach speed that should be held and not exceeded at the next signal.
The yellow speed indicators are always installed at a distance signal underneath the signal
The white speed indicators shows the absolute speed that should not be exceeded and is installed on top of the main signal.
Approach and countdown markers.
The approach to a distance signal is markered with 3 white beacons either with a different amount of diagonal positioned black bars. The distance is set for each bar at 75 meter. The last beacon is situated 100 meter prior to the distance signal.
3 bars = 250 meter
2 bars = 175 meter
1 bar = 100 meter