Large steam locomotives requires a vast amount of supplies like coal, oil and water. Though it can not be fittet at the loco itself because of the vast amounts. In the early days it was already obvious to have vast amounts seperately in order to maintain timetable, speed and endurance. A special suited wagon was needed to provide the engine the supplies needed. The tender is made out of different “chaimbers” that are in use as storeage tanks. in these chamibers water and coal are present.
An early crest and late crest tender, the difference is the logo. At the right a adjusted tender that contains more coal.
Some tenders in advanced mode within TS2015 has some features installed like opinging the coal door and an indicator to show the water level. However the water indicator is not always clearly visable due to the lack of light.
Now when you are running a scenario, mention the water level in the tender itself, accessing theis information takes place by pressing [ F5 ] 2 times and read the information that becomes visable in the screen slight left above.
Most early tender has no extra or extended enlargements to contain vast amounts of water and coal or oil. This resulted in regular visitations of the depot to top up supplies and needed to stop more often to top up the water.
Old tender often became a second life as storage/supplier wagon at workshops and sheds.
To reduce the topping up of supplies became the reason for engineers to reconstruct tender to improve the mass content of supplies. Tender became heavies as they became larger and bigger.
The storage “chaimbers” that contains the water are visable here during the restoration of the German engine. in between the chaimners steal plates with gaps are installed to support the weight of the sloped “roof” that carries the coal.
Clearly visable is the “slope” that contains the coal. The slope gradient causes the coal to rumble down the slope to the fireman when driving.
This “moves” the coal towards the fireman. Mention the German style hand brake which is set.
The tender is mainly suited to transport mass weights tat is needed for direct support and supply the engine while driving. The tender does not only carry the supplies, but eiter additional supplies and tools for stoking and maintainance are also present at the tender.
A wooden toolbox at a miniature Live steam engine contains tools like strappers, hamers, wrecklers, screwdrawers and more that is directly needed to maintain the enigen during the run when necessary.
At the rear of the tender a tender cabinet is present that often contains grease and oil to lubricate the engine when stationary. These cabinets often contains heavy equipment like large strappers and hydraulic jacks.
Jacks are in most cases part of the standard tool equipment of a steam locomotive. This device is hardly needed when in some cases rods has to be taken of in caase of malfunction.
The tender of a German Class Br38 Ten-Wheeler is even equiped with an air tank that is installed right on top of the rear cabinet at the tender.
Spanners, hammers, screwdrawers and other tools are part of the standard equipment every driver and fireman needs to carry with them on the engine. The small toolbox at the next image is an excellent example to carry along when inspecting the engine.
An overview of heavy equipment and tools. Not all equipment you see here is directly part of the standard tools of a steam locomotive, but it is part of the workshop.
The primairy tools that are in use by the engine crew is always directly accesable.
Larger oil cans are stored in the tender cabinet at the rear of the tender. However the photo shows a wheel of a steam tractor, the needs of supllies remains.
This H0 / 00 model oilcan represents the size that is quite exact to an original oil can.
Other tool cabinets are mostly present in the tender at the front side and is directly accesable during the run. Watch the photo’s below and mention the colored rectangles that relates to the list underneath the photo’s which declares the usage of the tender cabinets clearly.
A fine example of a tool cabinet. However this a a large cabinet, smaller cabinets are in use in engines and are stored in cabinet 1 on German engines.
Refferal list according the colored rectangulars of the photo above.
(Red) Tool cabinet that contains a rack of tools.
(Green) Cabinet for the storage of old shreds and back-up light bulbs and water scoop glasses.
(Blue) Crerw cabinet to store personal belongings like clothes, cabs, food and drink.
(Yellow) Cabinet to store oil cans and a small toolbox.
An overview of the stoking tools a fireman needs during the run.
The red arow displays the storage tube to store the stoking tools and equipment.
Stoking tools and equipment are often stored in a storage tube that is installed directly underneath the coal door and contains large tools for direct access from out of the storage tube into the firebox. After the use of these tools fireman and driver pay attention to these tools due to the high temperature the tools contains after usage. protective gloves are highly advisable.